Moses was an Israelite who found favor with God and grew up in Egypt as a prince at a time when other Israelites were slaves. One day, Moses was tending to his sheep when an angel of the Lord appeared to him, saying “I have seen the affliction and heard the cry of my people who are in Egypt. I have come to deliver them and lead them to a land flowing with milk and honey. I will send you to Pharaoh to bring my people out of Egypt.”
Understandably, Moses was scared. But God promised Moses that He would always be with him. To prove his power, God gave Moses three signs. First, Moses threw his staff on the ground and it became a snake! When Moses picked the snake up by the tail, it became a staff again. Second, Moses put his hand in his robe, and when he brought it out, his hand was very sick with leprosy. Moses put his hand back into his cloak and returned his hand to normal. Finally, God told Moses that he would perform a great sign with water from the Nile. Moses needed to scoop some water from the Nile, pour it on the ground, and the water would become blood.
Moses did as God said and confronted Pharaoh in Egypt. With God’s help, Moses led the people out of Egypt, across the Red Sea, and to Mount Sinai. At Mount Sinai, God made a covenant with the Israelites saying, “I will be your God and you will be my people.” God promised to lead the people back to the land of Abraham, the promised land.
Why were the Israelites living in Egypt?
What did God want Moses to do?
Why do you think Moses was scared to do what God told him to do?
If you were Moses, what would you have said to God?
The book of Exodus describes God’s plan to deliver Abraham’s family, now too numerous to count, from slavery and to lead them back to the promised land.
God’s people were persecuted under Pharaoh. In fact, Pharaoh ordered that all the Israelites boys should be killed at birth. Moses was spared because his mother was brave and protected him until he was adopted by an Egyptian princess. (Exodus 1)
Exodus 11-13 describes the final plague, the death of the first born. God gave detailed instructions to the Israelites that would protect them, and this became the first Passover. The Passover was celebrated throughout Scripture, even by Jesus, and is still celebrated by the Jews today.
Exodus 19-40 describes the covenant that God made with the Israelites at Sinai, the Law, and details instructions for worshipping God. The Law was very important to the Israelites and was still being followed throughout Jesus’ life.